The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has issued its decision in the arbitration procedure between the Turkish football club Trabzonspor Kulübü Dernegi (Trabzonspor), the Turkish Football Federation (TFF), the Turkish football club Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (Fenerbahçe) and the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). This matter is a sequel of the long-standing dispute between the clubs of Trabzonspor and Fenerbahçe which arose at the end of the football season 2010/2011. Fenerbahçe won the 2010/2011 season of the Turkish Süper Lig while Trabzonspor was the runner-up. Widespread manipulation of matches in the 2010/2011 Turkish Süper Lig was subsequently exposed and officials from several clubs, including the President and other senior officials of Fenerbahçe, were implicated in criminal activity linked to match-fixing. In May 2012, the TFF Disciplinary Committee issued a decision sanctioning three senior officials of Fenerbahçe for having attempted match-fixing during the 2010/2011 Turkish SüperLig season. The TFF did not sanction the club itself because the activities were held to be attributable to the individuals and not to the club.
Trabzonspor has since regularly petitioned FIFA and its legal bodies requesting that it intervene in accordance with the FIFA Disciplinary Code. In letters sent by the FIFA DC on 17 April 2018 and by the FIFA AC on 27 April 2018, Trabzonspor was informed that the FIFA DC was not in a position to intervene in the matter, and, more specifically, by the FIFA AC, that Trabzonspor did appear to fulfil the requirements to lodge an appeal before the FIFA AC since the FIFA Disciplinary Code required any appellant to have been a party to the proceedings before the first instance; in this case, the proceedings between the TFF and Fenerbahçe, which Trabzonspor was not a party to.
On 8 May 2018 Trabzonspor filed an appeal at the CAS directed against what it considered the “refusal to issue a decision by the FIFA Disciplinary Committee” dated 17 April 2018 and the “FIFA Appeal Committee Decision” dated 27 April 2018, seeking, inter alia, that such decisions be set aside, that Fenerbahçe be relegated for the 2010/2011 season, that Trabzonspor be ranked in first place for the 2010/2011 season, that Fenerbahçe be ordered to return the championship title for the 2010/2011 season and that Trabzonspor be awarded the championship title for the 2010/2011 season. The CAS arbitration was conducted by a Panel of CAS arbitrators which held a hearing with the parties at the CAS headquarters on 15 March 2019.